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IELTS - An Introduction

Updated: Jan 7, 2022

IELTS is an abbreviation for International English Language Testing System. The International English Language Testing System (IELTS) tests the English competency of individuals pursuing international education, training, or employment in English-speaking nations.

IELTS training is an internationally recognized system for testing English language proficiency in four areas for non-native speakers who want to study or work in an English-speaking environment.

  1. Listening

  2. Reading

  3. Writing

  4. Speaking

History of IELTS

Cambridge English Language Assessment (formerly known as UCLES) and the British Council created the English Language Testing Service (IELTS) in 1980. It featured a unique framework that mirrored developments in language learning and teaching, such as the rise of 'communicative' language acquisition and 'English for specific purposes.' The purpose of the test tasks was to simulate the use of English in the "real world."

IELTS first appeared in 1989.

Participants in the test took two non-specialized modules, Listening and Speaking, as well as two specialized modules, Reading and Writing.

Test takers increased at a rate of about 15% each year, and by 1995, there were 43,000 test-takers in 210 test centers throughout the world.

In 1995, IELTS was redesigned again, with three major changes:

There was a single Academic Reading Module and a single Academic Writing Module (previously there had been a choice of three field-specific Reading and Writing modules)

To prevent conflating the assessment of reading and writing skills, the thematic relationship between the Reading and Writing tasks was deleted.

The Academic Reading and Writing modules were aligned with the General Training Reading and Writing modules (same timing, length of responses, reporting of scores).

Why should you take IELTS?

You must be able to demonstrate a high level of English language competence if you want to work, reside, or study in an English-speaking country.

With 379 million speakers globally, English is the third most spoken language in the world.

The ability to speak in the native language of the nation in which you intend to work or study offers numerous advantages. It is also necessary for employment opportunities and community integration.

IELTS is the most popular test for people who want to move to Australia, Canada, New Zealand, or the United Kingdom.

What IELTS score am I required to have?

The higher your IELTS score, the better your understanding and ability to communicate in English.

Each immigration authority, university, workplace, or institution will have different IELTS score criteria.

The score you need will be determined by what you want to accomplish in the country, such as a job or education.

A minimum IELTS score of 6 is normally required for an undergraduate degree, whereas this climbs to 6.5 for postgraduate studies. A score of 7.0 is required for specialized courses such as medicine. However, each university and course are unique, so do your homework before applying.

It has 2 test versions:-

There are two types of IELTS tests, and your IELTS score is valid for two years after it has been assessed.

  1. Academic IELTS is designed for overseas students who want to study at a UK university or join a higher education institute.

  2. General IELTS programs emphasize English survival skills as well as social and workplace language, making them perfect for students wishing to relocate to English-speaking nations such as Australia, Canada, and New Zealand.

IELTS Scale (9 Bands)

The test will be evaluated on a scale of 1 to 9 for each section. Your average score determines your overall IELTS band score, and you can be graded on full or half points.


Proficient user

The test taker has complete knowledge of the language. Their usage of English is appropriate, correct, and fluent, demonstrating total comprehension.


Excellent user

The test taker has complete operational mastery of the language, with only minor mistakes and incorrect usage. In unfamiliar surroundings, they may misinterpret some things. They are adept at handling intricate and comprehensive argumentation.


Excellent user

The test taker has operational mastery of the language, while there are occasional mistakes, incorrect usage, and misunderstandings in some settings. They are often adept at dealing with sophisticated language and comprehending elaborate logic.


Experienced user

Despite occasional mistakes, incorrect usage, and misconceptions, the test taker has an effective command of the language. In familiar contexts, they can use and understand pretty complex language.


Inconspicuous user

The test taker has a limited grasp of the language and can manage with overall meaning in most instances, but they are likely to make numerous errors. They should be capable of handling basic communication in their field.


Restrictive user

The basic competence of the exam taker is restricted to familiar settings. They usually exhibit difficulties with comprehension and expression. They are unable to communicate in complicated language.


Extremely restricted user

In relatively familiar scenarios, the test taker merely expresses and understands the generic meaning. Communication breakdowns occur frequently.


Infrequent user

The exam-taker has a hard time understanding both spoken and written English.



Except for a few isolated words, the test taker has no capacity to use the language.


I did not take the test.

The exam-taker did not respond to any of the questions.

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